Borscht, Borsch or Borshch?

Recipe for BorschtMystery seems to roll across the vast Russian landscape like a Siberian blanket of snow, spreading a dusting of enigma on nearly every aspect of life – including food. Or so is the case with Borshch, one of the great soups of the world that serves up its own culinary mystery in its seemingly endless varieties and different spellings.

Borscht. Borsch. Bortsch. Borstch. Borshtch. Borsh. Borshch.

But, what exactly is Borsch?

While “cultured” Americans are likely to spell it with a ‘t’ (Borscht) and describe it as “a beet soup served chilled”, with a little detective work we learned that during the long Russian winters, Borshch is served piping hot and is spelled without the ‘t’ (Borshch).

According to Darra Goldstein in her book, A Taste of Russia, there are well over a hundred varieties of the soup with as many as twenty different ingredients – the common ingredient, nevertheless, being beets.

“As a general rule,” she writes, “the farther west one goes, the more beets are added to the soup.”

Here at ATG, “around our culinary table”, our favorite version of Borshch is a Muscovite-style, which is tomato based with a little bit of beef. Below is the recipe from Goldstein’s A Taste of Russia. We hope you enjoy!*

You might also want to try THIS borsch from Mari Vanna!

Moscow-Style Beet Soup (Borshch)

1-2 lbs. (depending how much is desired) beef (sirloin or chuck roast)
9 cups water
3 medium beets, peeled and cut in half
Kosher salt to taste
2 medium potatoes (optional)
1 small carrot, grated
½ med. head of cabbage, shredded
1 ripe tomato, coarsely chopped (can use canned chopped tomato)
6 tbsp. tomato paste
Pepper to taste
2 tbsp. red wine vinegar
1 tsp. sugar
1 bay leaf
Sour cream

Simmer the meat in water for 30 minutes. Then add the beets and salt. Boil for 10 more minutes. Remove the beets from the broth and grate coarsely. Then return to the pot and add the remaining ingredients except bay leaf and sour cream. Simmer soup for about 1 & ½ hours, remove from heat and add the bay leaf. Let soup cool and chill overnight. The next day, skim off the fat and reheat. Serve with slices of meat and a dollop of sour cream in each bowl.

*Note: ATG made this recipe their own by searing the meat in small pieces in olive oil and butter and then adding to the already combined ingredients. We also adjusted seasonings, adding a little more sugar and adding a little lemon juice. We also added sautéed onions – about 1/2 medium sized onion – and did not include potatoes or cabbage in this batch.

Continue delving into All Things Russia with our previous posts:

5 thoughts on “Borscht, Borsch or Borshch?

  • October 9, 2018 at 5:15 pm

    One of the spellings is the Jewish spelling but I forget which.
    As this article refers to somebody called Goldsein then I suspect that Borshch is the Jewish spelling.

  • January 17, 2017 at 4:12 pm

    “*Note: ATG made this recipe their own by searing the meat in small pieces in olive oil and butter and then adding to the already combined ingredients. ”
    Please, note that your recipe will make the soup taste distinctly “un-Russian” as the olive trees do not grow there. 🙂 I have also never heard of searing the meat before it being put into soup. We do that before adding meat to stews to limit the amount of its juices escaping into the pot, as searing forms a crust around the meat pieces.

  • August 29, 2016 at 11:21 am

    A polish chef introduced me to the polish version of this. It’s less beetroot and red cabbage, and more normal cabbage and polish white sausage. Then it can be served in a cooked round loaf of bread – crusty on the outside with the inside scooped out – and then a boiled egg chopped in half and half a sausage. Delicious.

  • May 24, 2015 at 11:05 am

    Borshch in a blender is sotnmhieg new to most of the Ukrainians where borhsch originally comes from. I do it for my kids only 🙂 Ukraine has more than 50 varieties of borshch! There is one group on Facebook dedicated to the love of borshch, Borshch – I love it.

  • February 27, 2015 at 5:17 pm

    Wow! This post was very informative. I have always wondered about Borsch!

    Thank you for sharing,



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